Traditions of Amir-ul-Mu’mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib

The following are traditions of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the real source of the true sunnah of the Prophet Muhammed, adopted by him, raised by him, fought diligently and never ran away from a battle, adopted his way and morals, and his most ardent follower, and ultimately, his successor. An attempt will be made as much as is possible to include traditions which are reliable by chain of narrators. Where this is not the case, the content of the traditions will usually be on issues that are corroborated and agreed on. 

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Saying/Sermon  1:

Amir al-Mu’mineen (as) has said:  ‘Paradise is for those who maintain sincerity in worshipping Allah and in prayer to Him. Whatever they see does not occupy their heart. Whatever they hear does not make them forget to speak of Allah and they do not feel depressed because of what is given to others.’”

عدة من أصحابنا ، عن سهل بن زياد ، عن علي بن أسباط ، عن أبي الحسن الرضا عليه‌السلام أن أمير المؤمنين صلوات الله عليه كان يقول طوبى لمن أخلص لله

Grading: Dhai’f (Weak) Ala Mashoor


Saying/Sermon 2:

Amir al-Mu’mineen (as) has said:‘Of the signs of one’s interest in the rewards of the next life is his renunciation of immediate attraction of worldly matters. Renunciation of worldly matters does not reduce one’s share of what Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has assigned for him despite his renunciation of worldly matters. One’s greed in immediate attraction of worldly matters does not increase anything for him even if he exercises greed. The real loser is one who is deprived from his share of the next life.”

٦ ـ علي ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن محبوب ، عن العلاء بن رزين ، عن محمد بن مسلم ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه‌السلام قال قال أمير المؤمنين عليه‌السلام إن علامة الراغب في ثواب الآخرة زهده في عاجل زهرة الدنيا أما إن زهد الزاهد في هذه الدنيا لا ينقصه مما قسم الله عز وجل له فيها وإن زهد ، وإن حرص الحريص على عاجل زهرة [ الحياة ] الدنيا لا يزيده فيها وإن حرص فالمغبون من حرم حظه من الآخرة.

Grading: Hasan-like-Saheeh


Saying/Sermon 3:

It is written in the book of Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) :  ‘The example of the world is like a snake which is of soft touch and has deadly poison inside. People of reason stay away from it and ignorant children wish to feel it.’”

علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة ، عن غياث بن إبراهيم ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه‌السلام قال إن في كتاب علي صلوات الله عليه إنما مثل الدنيا كم ثل الحية ما ألين مسها وفي جوفها السم الناقع يحذرها الرجل العاقل ويهوي إليها الصبي الجاهل

Grading: Hasan-like-Muwathaq


Saying/Sermon 4:

Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) has said: “I recommend that you and I be pious before the One whose disobedience is not lawful. Besides Him, in no one else is placing any hope worthwhile. Sufficiency is not achieveable without Him. Whoever is pious before Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, is strong and satisfied with food and drink, his reason soars above the people of the world. His body is with the people of the world, but his heart and power of reason examine the next life. The light of his heart extinguishes what his eyes see of the love of the world. He considers unlawful things in it filthy and stays away from its doubtful things. He, I swear by Allah, suffers losses in even clean lawful matters except small pieces for the bare necessities that keep him standing to survive and clothes, to cover his privacy, of the roughest and thickest quality that he can find. He did not find anything in which to place his trust and hope in the needed circumstances, so he placed his trust and hope in the Creator of all things. He worked hard and struggled intensely, and suffered fatigue until his ribs appeared and his eyes sunk. Allah, then, in exchange for this, strengthened his body and intensified his power of reason. What He has stored for him in the next life is much greater. Reject the world. Love of the world makes one blind, deaf and dumb and it bends the necks in humiliation. Compensate for what is left of your life and do not leave your task for tomorrow or after tomorrow. Those who were before were destroyed because of their dependence on false hope and temptation, until the command of Allah came suddenly when they were neglectful. They were transferred on (pieces of) wood to their dark and narrow graves. Their children and family abandoned them there. He was then left to Allah with a submissive heart. Those who reject the world with firmness will face no defeat or betrayal. May Allah help us and you in obeying Him, and may Allah give us and you the opportunity to do what He likes.’

علي بن إبراهيم ، عن محمد بن عيسى ، عن يونس ، عن أبي جميلة قال قال أبو عبد الله عليه‌السلام كتب أمير المؤمنين عليه‌السلام إلى بعض أصحابه يعظه أوصيك ونفسي بتقوى من لا تحل معصيته ولا يرجى غيره ولا الغنى إلا به فإن من اتقى الله جل وعز وقوي وشبع وروي ورفع عقله عن أهل الدنيا فبدنه مع أهل الدنيا وقلبه وعقله معاين الآخرة فأطفأ بضوء قلبه ما أبصرت عيناه من حب الدنيا فقذر حرامها وجانب شبهاتها وأضر والله بالحلال الصافي إلا ما لا بد له من كسرة منه يشد بها صلبه وثوب يواري به عورته من أغلظ ما يجد وأخشنه ولم يكن له فيما لا بد له منه ثقة ولا رجاء فوقعت ثقته ورجاؤه على خالق الأشياء فجد واجتهد وأتعب بدنه حتى بدت الأضلاع وغارت العينان فأبدل الله له من ذلك قوة في بدنه وشدة في عقله وما ذخر له في الآخرة أكثر فارفض الدنيا فإن حب الدنيا يعمي ويصم ويبكم ويذل الرقاب فتدارك ما بقي من عمرك ولا تقل غدا أو بعد غد فإنما هلك من كان قبلك بإقامتهم على الأماني والتسويف حتى أتاهم أمر الله بغتة وهم غافلون فنقلوا على أعوادهم إلى قبورهم المظلمة الضيقة وقد أسلمهم الأولاد والأهلون فانقطع إلى الله بقلب منيب من رفض الدنيا وعزم ليس فيه انكسار ولا انخزال أعاننا الله وإياك على طاعته ووفقنا الله وإياك لمرضاته.



Saying/Sermon 5 :

Ali ibn Abi Talib (as) has said: ‘O sons of Adam, if you want from the world that much that is sufficient for you, the little that is there will suffice you. However, if you are not satisfied with basic necessities but want more than the basic needs, then the whole thing that is there will not be sufficient for you.’

علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن هشام بن سالم ، عن أبي عبد الله عليه‌السلام قال كان أمير المؤمنين صلوات الله عليه يقول ابن آدم إن كنت تريد من الدنيا ما يكفيك فإن أيسر ما فيها يكفيك وإن كنت إنما تريد

ما لا يكفيك فإن كل ما فيها لا يكفيك.

Grading: Hasan-like-Saheeh