Ghadeer-Khum Response

All of the relevant articles in response to refutations against the Shia integration of Ghadeer Khum.


The true meaning of ‘Mawla’ within the context of Ghadeer Khumm is a topic of fierce debate. You find a number of Sunni scholars and individuals publishing refutations in books or online claiming that the word has well over a dozen meanings. They therefore state: ‘why would the Prophet ﷺ use a word […]

Analysis of the word ‘Mawla’


One of the most controversial declarations ever made by the Prophet ﷺ is that of Ghadeer Khumm. In front of at least tends of thousands, if not a number nearing the high five figures, where he declared the following[1]:   The classical Sunni interpretation of this is that Mawla means […]

Analysis of declaration – ‘Awla’


In order to justify why the Prophet ﷺ would make a very bold declaration in front of tens of thousands, and perhaps even close to 100,000 [though this is fairly disputed], an attempt is made to claim that the discontent against Ali ibn Abi Talib عليهم السلام was by a large […]

Level of discontent




We arguably now come on to the most compelling evidence which every objective reader should ponder over when considering why the Prophet ﷺ may have felt hesitant to make the declaration in Mecca. On this occasion, we have no choice but to agree with the reasoning of Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf, and […]

Should the Prophet ﷺ have given the declaration in Makkah?


According to the most authoritative Sunni view, the companions are graded into twelve different levels, or ‘Tabaqat’. Al-Hakim, one of the most famous and respected Sunni scholars Al-Hakim has categorised them in the following manner [1]: The highest rank given is to those who entered Islam at the very begging […]

What was the rank and role of these later converts ...


A common contention against the Shia interpretation of Ghadeer Khumm centres around who would have been present to hear the declaration. This line of argumentation states that anyone travelling south of Mecca would not have followed the Prophet ﷺ when he was travelling north on his way back to Medina. The […]

Did the Prophet ﷺ not deliver his message to the ...


The Messenger of Allah , Muhammed ﷺ was a man who held supreme religious, political, social, and spiritual authority over all of the muslims. He was the focal point of the entire  Arabian Peninsula; his leadership was of paramount importance. So engrossed was he in worrying about his nation, the Prophet ﷺ […]

Introduction – is it reasonable to assume the Prophet ﷺ ...