In the name of Allah, the beneficent, the merciful.
We hope to perform a thorough, holistic and extensive examination on Salafi Aqeedah in the near future, inshAllah. However, we feel it is pertinent to bring to the attention of our dear readers the accusation that Allah, the Almighty, has two eyes, and sees with these two eyes. It is our intention to dissect the claims Allah literally has two feet, two hands, eyes, a face, a shin, and fingers (‘in a manner that befits him’) but a brief refutation will suffice for now.
We will first quote the words of their scholars:
Ibn Khuzaymah writes: “”Our Creator and Lord has two eyes, by them He sees what is under the soil, what is under the seventh earth and what is above the heavens.” [Kitab al-Tawhid, Ibn Khuzaymah]
As one can read from the above, Ibn Taymiyyah states that Allah, the Almighty, hears through his ears, and sees through his eyes. Even if one contests against the translation ‘ear’ it is clear Ibn Taymiyyah affirms the views of Ibn Khuzaymah, and states that Allah the Almighty sees through his eyes.
If one contends Allah literally has two eyes, with what he sees, no matter what they say, they are diving Allah into parts. Some will try to claim that it is forbidden to do so, but in essence, this is exactly what they are doing. If Allah literally has two eyes, but not like ours, that he sees out of , then no matter how much one tries to decorate it with ‘in a manner that befits him’ they have divided Allah, by his essence into constituent subunits. They have alleged , whether they accept it, that the Almighty literally has organs and tools he uses to achieve a certain benefit. Created beings require eyes as organs, because without them we can not see. The creator does not require eyes to see, and is free of all need. Creation has a form, and is divided into subunits based on function and limitation, whereas Allah is one in his absolute , indivisible oneness, and does not require parts that make up his whole.
Allah is the all-seeing, but that is not the same as saying he literally has eyes he sees out of, but those eyes are not like ours. The all seeing is merely a meaning which points to Allah, whereas eyes are a literal part of Allah, without which he can not see out of. Furthermore, one would have to accept Allah does not hear out of his two eyes. Therefore there is a literal part of Allah he can see out of, but not hear out of. If this is not likening him to creation, limiting him, dividing his essence, then we ask what is?
We bring forth a tradition from the Ahlulbayt on this matter:
`Ali b. Ibrahim from Muhammad b. `Isa b. `Ubayd from Hamad from Hareez from Muhammad b. Muslim from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام.He said regarding the description of the Eternal: Verily, He is one, Eternally-Besought of All, and Alone by its meaning and not by the many contradicting meanings. He said: So I said: May I be your ransom, a community from the people of Iraq allege that He hears with something different from that which He sees with, and sees with something different from that which He hears with. He said: So he said: They have lied, deviated, and alikened Him [to His creation]; and Allah is above that. He is Hearing and Seeing – He hears with that which He sees, and sees with that which He hears. He said: I said: They allege that He sees as they think [He sees]. He said: So he said: Allah is above that. They deliberate [for Him] what they would apply to the creation, and Allah is not like that. (al-Kafi, Volume 1, hadith 292)
We would like to conclude by citing a video from the orthodox Sunnis of the Ashariyya school, who refute the Salafis – and in particular, Ibn Uthaymeen , who himself claims Allah, the Almighty literally has two eyes ‘in a manner which befits him’.
If you happen to be a Salafi, we ask you to use your intellect, in the same way as you ask Christians who affirm God can be one and three at the same time to abandon their deviance. If you happen to be Sunni, we ask you to reflect on why so many traditions, scholars and a large bulk of your sect have gone far astray in the most fundamental aspect of ones creed: Tawheed.