The Idol worshippers of Makkah did not affirm the true oneness of Allah [swt]
One of the claims made by certain groups is that the polytheists of Makkah all affirmed divine unity and the oneness of Allah [swt] but only fell into shirk with regards to the ‘worship’ of Allah [swt]. This is contrary to sense and clear Quranic evidence. It is true, those who worshipped false-deities made out of wood, stone, and even dates, all affirmed that the God above all of these was most certainly Allah [swt]. Indeed, when they were asked:
Noble Quran: “If you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” they would surely say, ” Allah.” Then how are they deluded?”
Indeed , there is no doubt they acknowledged Allah [swt] as the God above all things. However, what they then decided to do was very similar to what those who claim to believe in God , some even claiming to believe in one God, yet make many Idols of deities often do: they ascribe the unique divine attributes of Allah [swt] to these false-dieties , and ascribe to Allah [swt] that which would detract from his oneness. Most pertinently, this consist of children – such as daughters, and the attribute of begetting these daughters. Furthermore, they went further in believing that Allah [swt] was more of a deistic God, who had created and then left these false-dieties with their own kingdoms and dominions, such that they possessed independent will and independent power over the creation. They had the ability to change destinies , be prostrated to, sacrificed for, and worshipped. Thus, the way to get close to ‘Allah’ was by worshipping these other gods below him.
Clear Quranic verses:
” Yet, they set up beside GOD idols from among the jinns, though He is the One who created them. They even attribute to Him sons and daughters, without any knowledge. Be He glorified. He is the Most High, far above their claims.”
“They have said, ” Allah has taken a son.” Exalted is He; He is the [one] Free of need. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. You have no authority for this [claim]. Do you say about Allah that which you do not know?”
““Have ye seen Lat, and ‘Uzza, And another, the third (goddess), Manat?”
“What! For you the male sex, And for him, the female? Behold, such would be Indeed a division Most unfair.” (verses 53:21-22 today)
It becomes clear that anyone who can ascribe to Allah daughters – and thus the act of begetting, as well as off-spring who inherit divine attributes of his, several ‘gods’ who have their independent dominion and power, bowing, prostrating to, and offering sacrifices to these false-dieties, does not affirm the oneness of Allah [swt].
They then decided to claim that they still affirmed and respected the one true God – Allah, but worshipped, prostrated to, affirmed daughters to and those false deities with their own independent dominion , will and attributes of God because they felt he was far above them and that the only way to get to God was by worsihpping individual deities.
Noble Quran “Unquestionably, for Allah is the pure religion. And those who take protectors besides Him [say], “We only worship them that they may bring us nearer to Allah in position.” Indeed, Allah will judge between them concerning that over which they differ. Indeed, Allah does not guide he who is a liar and [confirmed] disbeliever.”
Similar to idol worshippers of today, the way they claim to get to God is through making images of him, forms, idols, ascribing sons and daughters who have his divine attributes, believing in false-detieis who, by their independent dominions and power can change ones fate. It’s rather similar to those who believed in false-dieties in other regions of the world. Zeus was the ‘father’ of all the Gods, but he had children, sharing in his divine attributes and much closer to the realm of mortals and hence more accessible than he was.
This is what the Idol worshippers who never affirmed the true one-ness of Allah [swt] also believed. The ultimate God – Allah [swt] – could not be reached as he was far above the realm of the mortals. But he had sons, daughters, partners, idols for almost everything, that were to be deified and given a share in his divine attributes and prostrated to , sacrificed for, in the hope he would be pleased with them. Thus, to reach the satisfaction of the ultimate God was by worshipping many lower deities.
Unfortunately, there are those today who seek to try and affirm that there is no difference between most of the muslims today, and the polytheists of the time of the Prophet [saw]. This conclusion is only reached through fallacious reasoning and an enormous error in judgement so far as excusing clear shirk contrary to affirming the divine unity and oneness of Allah [swt] by the polytheists.